Name Server protocol

The protocol used by Jami to query and register a name is based on an HTTP REST API answering requests with JSON documents and regular HTTP status codes.

The public nameserver is hosted at ns.jami.net and uses a blockchain as its backend. Another implementation could use any other database or directory service making the nameserver protocol reusable.

Rules on name formatting

Usernames are checked by a regex to ensure some rules about their format:

  • Length must be between 3 and 32 characters

  • Those characters must be alphanumerical with underscore _ being also accepted.

Querying a name

This is the main service provided by a name server. It enables to get the RingID corresponding to a username.

Request

A request for the name foobar is a GET request with /name/foobar as the URI.

Response (Success)

If the name is found, a response with status code 200 OK must be sent to the client with a Content-type field set as application/json.

The body is a JSON documents with 2 string attributes : name and addr. name is equal to the one requested and addr is an hexadecimal representation of the RingID prefixed with 0x.

In our example, the JSON answer would be:

Response (Not found)

If the name is not found, a response with status code 404 Not Found must be sent to the client with a Content-type field set as application/json.

The body is a JSON documents with 1 string attribute : error. This attribute is filled with an error message that explains the error (and could be displayed in the client in the future).

On the reference implementation, the returned document is:

Querying an address

This service is a reverse lookup. You query for an address and a username is returned if one is registered on the name server.

Request

A request for the ID ring:29347542eb07159f316577e1ae16243d152f6b7b is a GET request with /addr/29347542eb07159f316577e1ae16243d152f6b7b as the URI.

Response (Success)

If the address corresponds to a username, a response with status code 200 OK must be sent to the client with a Content-type field set as application/json.

The body is a JSON documents with 1 string attribute : name. The value of this field is the name registered to this address

In our example, the JSON answer would be:

Response (Not found)

If the address is not found, a response with status code 404 Not Found must be sent to the client with a Content-type field set as application/json.

The body is a JSON documents with 1 string attribute : error. This attribute is filled with an error message that explains the error (and could be displayed in the client in the future).

On the reference implementation, the returned document is:

Registering a name

This part of the protocol is used to register a new name/address pair. It is used on the main public registry but may be optional in a custom implementation.

Request

A request for registering the name foobar is a POST request with /name/foobar as the URI. The header attribute Content-type must be set to application/json.

The body of the request is a JSON document with 2 string attributes: addr and owner. addr contains the RingID prefixed with 0x and owner is the name to be registered.

An example for foobar could be:

Response (Success)

If the name/address pair is successfully registered, a response with status code 200 OK must be sent to the client with a Content-type field set as application/json.

The body contain a JSON document with 1 boolean attribute success set to true.

As an example:

Further attempts to query the name or the address should then be successful.

Response (Bad request)

If the registration cannot be achieved because of an error in the request (formatting, missing attribute, etc.), a response with status code 400 Bad Request must be sent to the client with a Content-type field set as application/json.

The body is a JSON documents with 2 attributes: success which is a boolean and error which is a string. success is set to false and error is filled with an error message that explains the error (and could be displayed in the client in the future).

For an invalid formatting of the username, the body could be:

Response (Forbidden)

If the registration cannot be achieved because the name is already taken, a response with status code 403 Forbidden must be sent to the client with a Content-type field set as application/json.

The body is a JSON documents with 3 attributes: success which is a boolean set to false, name and addr which are both strings replicated from the original request.

Registering foobar, with it being already registered, would lead to the following response: